What Should Healthcare Providers Do If You Receive a Federal Grand Jury Target Letter?

The first contact to a defendant in a healthcare fraud case is usually by way of a Grand Jury target letter. This letter informs you that “you are the target of a Grand Jury involving possible violations of Federal criminal law.”

The letter will describe the matter under investigation, such as 18 U.S.C. Section 1347 (healthcare fraud); 18 U.S.C. section 1349 (conspiracy to commit healthcare fraud); and, possibly, 21 U.S.C. 841 and 21 U.S.C. 846 (drug trafficking or prescribing without a legitimate medical purpose).

Once you receive this letter, you can be certain that the federal government has begun an extensive investigation into your practice, Medicare billing, and prescribing practices.

The Grand Jury target letter notifies you that if you have retained a lawyer, he/she should contact the trial attorney or Assistant U.S. Attorney assigned to the case.

Failure to contact an attorney immediately could impact your ability to achieve a favorable outcome at the early stage of the case. Often, other co-defendants have received the same letter and may execute agreements to cooperate with the government in favor of a substantial reduction in jail time, forfeitures, and fines.

Occasionally, early investigation of the issue can even prevent an indictment by showing the government that your billing practices or prescribing practices were acceptable.

The target letter also informs you that if you are indigent, you can seek a court-appointed attorney. However, you should be aware that you will only receive a Court appointed attorney if the following conditions apply:

      1. You are indigent, meaning you cannot afford an attorney.
      2. You are actually arrested and/or charged with a crime.
      3. A Grand Jury is convened and you are called to testify before a Grand Jury, 18 U.S.C. §3006A(a)(1). (See the Eastern District of Michigan CJA Plan for additional guidelines.)

This is rarely the case in healthcare fraud conspiracy cases, and you will not receive a court-appointed attorney merely because you received a Grand Jury target letter.

If a Grand Jury is convened, you may be called as a witness to testify. However, the 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution mandates that you cannot be compelled to testify against yourself. You and your attorney will look closely at the evidence and determine whether or not testifying is in your best interest.

Your Best Bet? Have the National Healthcare Fraud Attorneys at Chapman Law Group Review Your Grand Jury Letter

If you received a Grand Jury target letter alleging healthcare fraud, it is imperative you contact the Chapman Law Group. Our national healthcare fraud attorneys will investigate the case, contact the government, and, if necessary, negotiate with the government before an indictment is rendered.

For more than three decades, our healthcare fraud lawyers have defended physicians, dentists, pharmacists, pain management specialists, chiropractors, and many other licensed medical professionals all across the U.S., with great results. 

We serve licensed healthcare professionals in Michigan (including the DetroitAnn Arbor, Grand Rapids, Lansing, Dearborn, and Troy areas); in Florida (Miami, Tampa, Jacksonville, West Palm Beach, Orlando, and other regions); and nationally in regions including Los Angeles and Southern CaliforniaChicago, Pittsburgh, and Washington, D.C.

Put our team to work for you today. Call Chapman Law Group at (248) 644-6326.

Need an Attorney? Contact us now!


  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Send this to a friend